By Diaku Dianzenza Kunsikila

Peace is one of the most wonderful gifts that God has given to the world. One way of viewing peace is that it is a way of life committed to the nonviolent resolution of conflict and to personal and social justice. All societies work for peace to be a way of life. However, some other societies are more violent than others are. Thus for peace to prevail in our society, we need to view peace as being an unavoidable route to social justice and commonality. On one hand, we as people need to consider that the society we live in has principles that guide our daily life made of vicissitudes. On the other, while human nature would not be able to live without breaking the normal cycle of life that asks us to live in harmony, violence and conflict near human life are as well unavoidable. This means that for human nature to cope with the daily issues that rise in the society, we are all reminded to consider peace as a forcibly unwanted advantageous aspect that we have to take as is. Thus, peace without human life becomes unrealistically nonexistent because human life comes at the center of everything. The predictability of conflict in the society must be considered as part of our daily life encompassed by emotional behaviors that influence the use of violence as a way to resolve disputes. A society without peace becomes an unrest society where disorder and unhappiness reign. A particular look at political conflicts with huge hidden preferences as seen in our societies has become a very worrying feature where scores of innocent civilians (young and the elderly) pay the price. Unfortunately, the wheel to ending violent and recurrent conflicts in the society has not turned on. This suggests that in the meantime we would better live with conflicts as usual but work together in putting structures that deal with the implementation of the culture of peace. Because conflicts cannot be eliminated in the society, the only way we could reach successful results is to educate our communities in fighting violence and give place to peace.

One of way of giving path to a peaceful society is for people to put in practice, where possible, ways that contribute in developing new avenues for co-operation as well as an end to violence, especially to organized and increasingly destructive violence. In fact, violence stands for the opposite of peace that has marked human history. Moreover, it would be unthinkable that we speak about peace without focusing on violence and to some extend conflict since they are terms that are interchangeably more meaningful while used side by side. Conflict is a twin sister to violence. There is not any possible peace issue between human nature that culminates into violence. The possibility of a conflict that generates violence between parties comes to effect if violence takes place and violence is the result of an unresolved clash that takes place between two people or a group of people.

On the question referred to as who needs peace, different answers might be given that will probably come to a common conclusion. Peace is needed by all human nature that believe in a social environment that makes life the more enjoyable and for the well-being of its populous. Human security that emphasizes people rather than territory and which is most concerned in protecting people from a range of threats, including non-traditional ones as environmental pollution, massive population movements, infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS and long term conditions of oppression and deprivation has developed ways of increasing awareness about protecting the vulnerable populous. It is on this aspect that there has been a redefinition of Human security, which focused on human security, taking into consideration aspects such as economic, food, health, environmental, personal, community and political security (United Nations Development Programme, 1994, cited in Harris, 2004:5). A society that reaches the peak in satisfying the basic needs as stated above is likely to be considered as being a peaceful environment. “Peace as the majority of people thinks gathers not only the satisfying aspect of social life as approached scientifically but also others believe in peace as being a more regarded spiritual gift keen to principles of holiness with the Almighty God as the center of all”.

The possibility of having a more peaceful society means that people need to view issues related to conflict as dealt with by common available alternatives that help in resolving disputes without recurring to violence. In many situations when a conflict rises, there are always alternatives that lead to a peaceful resolution of the conflict that need to be exploited. A look at these alternatives are said to be among the possible routes for a nonviolent resolution of all kinds of conflicts. Furthermore, there are practical means that educate people to become peacemakers for the expansion of peace in the society. This aspect will be our next topic to be looked at. In conclusion, peace is a very long process that requires commitment and a general sympathy for it to be successful.

DIAKU DIANZENZA KUNSIKILA
MASTERS IN CONFLICT RESOLUTION AND PEACE STUDIES
UNIVERSITY OF KWA ZULU NATAL SOUTH AFRICA
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Cell: 00243 99 570 52 74


References: United Nations development Programme (UNDP) 1999, annual, Human development Report, in Harris, G., 2004, The Case for demilitarization in Sub-Saharan Africa. Cost-Effective Alternatives to the Military. Pretoria. Institute for Security Studies. pp. 3-14.